Bycatch: through commercial fishing of targeted fish, non-targeted species are incidentally captured. Including vaquita, turtles, sharks, and many more.
Depending on how we catch fish, there will be trade-offs between bycatch, investment, efficiency, and environmental damage.
Two Main Options of Fisheries:
- Option #1: Catch a lot of fish at once. Leads to:
- Less time consuming; fish less often
- Higher bycatch
- More expensive
- Option #2: Catch a few fish at a time. Leads to:
- More time consuming; fish more often
- Lower bycatch
- Less expensive
Solutions to Improving our Way of Living
- Encourage stewardship
- Transparent policy decisions
- Frequent & accurate fish stock assessment
- Elimination of harmful subsidies
Create & Enforce Marine Protected Areas (MPAs)
- The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration’s (NOAA) MPA Inventory
- Monumental marine expansion in Papahanaumokuakea Marine National Monument of the Northwestern Hawaiian Islands (NWHI)
Raise Consumer Awareness with consumer guides
Integrated Multi-Trophic Aquaculture (IMTA)
- IMTA in Canada
- A shared environment between a combination of organisms throughout levels of the food chain. Waste, nutrients and byproducts of one species converts into fertilizer, food and energy for another species.
- Cultivated species (salmon) combined with extractive species (filter feeders, deposit feeders, and dissolved nutrient absorbers) are using organic/inorganic materials & byproducts from other species for their own growth, (mussels, sea cucumbers, worms and various seaweeds).
- Mimics the function of natural ecosystems by recycling nutrients and providing healthier waters through the combining of multiple species at different food chain levels.
- Very expensive to manage but species are chosen based on market value to provide additional benefits for farmers.